The mighty Murray River, one of the world's longest navigable rivers, stretches 2,700 kilometres from the mountains of the Great Dividing Range in north eastern Victoria to Murray Mouth at Goolwa in South Australia. A mountain stream in its upper reaches, the river turns into a meandering river lined with magnificent forests of red gum and sandy beaches in its lower reaches. The region is home to plentiful wildlife, supporting over 350 varieties of birds, as well as many species of mammals, reptiles and fish.
Since ancient times Aboriginal tribes have lived along the river and, after European settlement, the river was travelled by some of Australia's earliest European explorers. By the late 1800s, it was a busy trading route with boats carrying supplies to and carting wool from the region's stations and homesteads.